This article is part of the supplement: Proceedings of the First Biennial Conference on Science of Global Prostate Cancer Disparities in Black Men
Review of prostate cancer research in Nigeria
1 Department of Pathology, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria
2 Department of Urology, Federal Medical Centre, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Infectious Agents and Cancer 2011, 6(Suppl 2):S8 doi:10.1186/1750-9378-6-S2-S8Published: 23 September 2011
Prostate cancer (CaP) disparities in the black man calls for concerted research efforts. This review explores the trend and focus of CaP research activities in Nigeria, one of the ancestral nations for black men. It seeks to locate the place of the Nigerian research environment in the global progress on CaP disparities. Literature was reviewed mainly through a Pubmed search with the terms “prostate cancer”and “Nigeria”, as well as from internet and hard copies of journal pages.
Findings: One of the earliest publications about CaP in Nigeria was in 1973 from the nation’s 1st tertiary hospital in Ibadan, reporting low incidence, followed by a lull of nearly one decade. In 1980, the incidence rate of CaP was reported as almost similar for black men in Ibadan and Washington and from then on, research work from surgeons and pathologists, from the south to the north, east to west, continued to report increasing prevalence of CaP. Apart from epidemiology, other areas of research include KAP (knowledge attitude and practice) studies (poor education of caregivers and population), histopathology (mostly adenocarcinoma), diagnosis (digital rectal examination [DRE], prostate specific antigen [PSA], ultrasound), clinical features (late presentation and high mortality), and prevention (lifestyle, education and screening). As of today there is a gaping dearth of molecular and genetic studies. Conclusion: The global focus on CaP disparities in black men calls for more efforts from Africa, in all areas of research, along with international collaborations for capacity building.